By Vít Bubeník
This monograph goals to shut the distance in our wisdom of the character and velocity of grammatical swap in the course of the formative interval of todays Indo-Aryan languages. in the course of the 6th-12th c. the sluggish erosion of the artificial morphology of outdated Indo-Aryan resulted finally within the remodelling of its syntax towards the hot Indo-Aryan analytic type.
This learn concentrates at the emergence and improvement of the ergative building when it comes to the passive-to-ergative reanalysis and the co-existence of the ergative building with the previous and new analytic passive structures. designated recognition is paid to the actuation challenge visible because the tug of battle among conservative and eliminative forces in the course of their improvement. different chapters take care of the evolution of grammatical and lexical point, causativization, modality, absolute buildings and subordination.
This examine relies on a wealth of latest facts gleaned from unique poetic works in Apabhraṃśa (by Svayaṃbhādeva, Puṣpadanta, Haribhadra, Somaprabha et al.). It includes sections facing descriptive innovations of Medieval Indian grammarians (esp. Hemacandra). the entire Sanskrit, Prakrit and Apabhraṃśa examples are constantly parsed and translated.
The opus is forged within the theoretical framework of sensible Grammar of the Prague and Amsterdam colleges. it may be of specific curiosity to students and scholars of Indo-Aryan and basic historic linguistics, specifically these attracted to the problems of morphosyntactic switch and typology of their sociohistorical surroundings.
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Extra resources for A Historical Syntax of Late Middle Indo-Aryan (Apabhraṃśa)
2. More specifically, the 'force' of hī is restrictive and that of bhī inclusive; see McGregor (1977:27-28). ) We may start our short survey of the main historical events during the period of our linguistic inquiry at the end of the 5th c. D. The 5th c. saw the erosion of the Gupta power and the final collapse of their empire. These events were precipitated by the invasion of Huns, who ruled Northern India until their king Mihirakula (+ 542) was driven out of the Gangetic Doab into Kashmir. The Hunic military activity was accompanied by large-scale demographic movements by which various central Asian peoples moved to Northern India.
Pragmatic functions mark the informational status of the constituents and they have their consequences for the form in which a given underlying predication is to be expressed. Modern IA languages possess particles for constituents with given pragmatic functions (in Hindi the 'restrictive' particle hī, the 'inclusive' particle bhī); in addition probably all languages use special ordering and prosodic patterns for expressing pragmatic functions. The Topic is typically unstressed, whereas the Focus usually has sentential stress.
But a few comments on Sanskrit kavya literature are in order in view of its influence on Prakrit and 20 A HISTORICAL SYNTAX OF LATE MIDDLE INDO-ARYAN Apabhramsa creations. The Sanskrit term kāvya "poetry" in broader sense includes not only metrical poetry (padya) but also prose (gadya). Metrical poetry may be written in the major form (sargabandha "consisting of cantos") or in the minor form (simple and multiple-stanza poetry). Prose 'poems' are of two types: fiction/romance (hatha) and true story (dkhyayika).