A Wandering Aramean: Collected Aramaic Essays (Society of by Joseph A. Fitzmyer

By Joseph A. Fitzmyer

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Extra resources for A Wandering Aramean: Collected Aramaic Essays (Society of Biblical Literature Monograph Series, No. 25)

Sample text

Rather, Έλλ^ι/ισταί undoubtedly denotes Jerusalem Jews or Jewish Christians who habitually spoke Greek only (and for that reason were more affected by Hellenistic culture), while the Εβραίοι were those who also spoke a Semitic language. In any case, it can scarcely be maintained that έλληνίζαν did not mean "to speak Greek" at all. Moule's distinction fits in very well with the widespread use of Greek in first-century Palestine. It raises a further problem of the determination of what Semitic language would have been commonly used along with it by the Εβραίοι.

Tertullian. Apologeticum 21:18. 57); Philo, Embassy to Gaius 38 §299. IltAaroc ην των υπάρχων επίτροπος αποδίδίί~γ μΐνος τής'\ουδαίας. Philo's text may well reflect the shift in title that apparently took place about the time of the emperor Claudius (ca. D. 46). Latin praefectus was usually rendered in Greek as ίτταρχο<>, and procurator as επίτροπος. THE LANGUAGES OF PALESTINE 49 '••See O. : Berlin: \Viedman, 1905) 382-83; A. N. Sherwin-White. "Procurator Augusti," Paper of the British School at Rome 15 (1939) 11-26; Society and Roman Law in the New Testament (Sarum Lectures.

But it is now seen to have been a development of the colloquial Hebrew of the first century. All of this points to a clear use of Hebrew in Palestine ofthat time, but it is really not sufficient to say with J. T. Milik that it proves "beyond reasonable doubt that Mishnaic was the normal language of the Judaean population in the Roman period,"106 unless one is willing to specify what part of the Roman period is meant. ) until at least the time of Constantine (early fourth century), if not later.

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