Accounting for Horror: Post-Genocide Debates in Rwanda by Nigel Eltringham

By Nigel Eltringham

The is the 1st booklet to discover how the occasions of 1994 were interpreted inside of within the politics of post-genocide Rwanda.

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Extra info for Accounting for Horror: Post-Genocide Debates in Rwanda

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Newbury 1988: 128; 1978: 23ff). Between 1932 and 1957, education (‘the portal which gave access to political power’ [Linden 1977: 152]) was mostly restricted to ‘élite Tutsi’ – who accounted for 75 per cent of students (Chrétien 1997: 14). 17 And yet, by the end of the 1950s, the average family income of Hutu and petits Tutsi (90–97 per cent of those designated as Tutsi) was virtually the same (Linden 1977: 226), with only c10,000 ‘élite Tutsi’ (out of c300,000 of those designated ‘Tutsi’) being associated with the political class (Harroy 1984: 234; see Codere 1973: 20), a ‘minority among their own people’ (Prunier 1995: 28 n.

Contexts of genocide involve ‘categories under stress, and ideas striving for the logic of self-evidence’ (Appadurai 1998: 911). The obsession with ‘unmasking’ the abaguze ubwoko demonstrates that in order to impose ‘categorical certainty’ (see Linke 1997: 566) perpetrators require ‘the brutal negation of social reality in order to reconstruct it’ (Hayden 1996: 784). Such literal ‘reconstruction’ is preceded, however, by an abstract, figurative construct. Eltringham 01 chap 1 25/11/03 12:26 Page 27 ‘Ethnicity’: The Permeant Debate 27 Reducing the focus to the continuity of a perception of racial immutability 1957–94, is not meant to imply that the genocide did not proceed from a composite of political and economic causes (see D.

Rwandan journalist, exile, Switzerland, June 1999) It was really those in power who were targeted. The violence was not generalised to all Tutsi. (Rwandan NGO worker, exile, Switzerland, May 1999) In 1959 it was only the Tutsi élite that was targeted. Therefore, the idea that 1959 was a genocide doesn’t hold. (Former Rwandan minister, exile, Switzerland, May 1999) The 1959 revolution was aimed at those who were in power. (Rwandan NGO worker, exile, Belgium, March 1999) The exiles also argued that because the Rwandan state was not under ‘Hutu control’ in 1959, but a UN Protectorate administered by Belgium, the killings of 1959 cannot be considered a genocide committed by a ‘Hutu government’ (as in 1994).

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