By Hong Hai
Acupuncture is generally practised within the twenty first century in scientifically constructed international locations for quite a lot of diseases starting from persistent soreness, giddiness and hypertension to gastrointestinal issues and sexual disorder. but the explanations for its vaunted efficacy stay an issue of controversy. In conventional chinese language clinical idea, the mechanism of motion in acupuncture was once understood by way of the circulate of qi and the stability of yin and yang throughout the body's meridians, a posh community painstaking charted yet by no means chanced on. sleek scientific researchers have tested outdated and new needling issues, and a few view them as "trigger issues" that stimulate physiological responses within the physique. there's additionally transparent proof of sturdy placebo results, even though it has no longer been conclusively validated that that this is often both the most or the one major effect.
This quantity includes twelve articles overlaying the most recent clinical motives of the mechanism of acupuncture and significant stories of scientific trials on its efficacy by way of top students, together with Edzard Ernst at Exeter, Lixing Lao on the collage of Maryland, computing device Leung on the chinese language collage of Hong Kong and Thomas Lundeberg at Karolinska Institute.
Hong Hai is Senior Fellow on the Institute of complex stories and Adjunct Professor, Nanyang Technological college, Singapore and Director of the Renhai health center.
Readership: doctors, either Western docs and TCM practitioners, acupuncturists, researchers and scholars. additionally, libraries of TCM specialist institutions and educating institutes.
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Extra resources for Acupuncture: Theories and Evidence
On the other hand, treatment of chronic episodic dysmenorrhoea or migraine with acupuncture one week prior to menses/migraine reduced pain and analgesic consumption, or had no effect. Mode of stimulation: Chronic nociceptive musculoskeletal pain is reduced by low-frequency electrical stimulation but also by manual acupuncture or high-frequency electrical stimulation. Periosteal stimulation has the greatest effect upon nociceptive visceral pain of dysmenorrhoea, although other modes of acupuncture and low-frequency TENS also reduced pain.
G. Ref. 96], so that the term jingmai is about ordering the physiology (mai) of the body. Thus the principle purpose of a system of acupuncture following traditional theories of acupuncture (TBSAs) is to apply needling techniques in order to restore order to the qi, to help regulate the qi. This is a core idea underlying TBSAs, but one that has found many means of expression, with varying degrees of emphasis and different understanding of how to do this. To understand this more I turn to an examination of the theories of TBSAs, in particular their role as ‘explanatory models’.
As discussed above many organ diseases, results in visceral pain may be attributed to stress and increased sympathetic tone. This is of interest since many stress related organ diseases has been shown to have an increased concentrations of nerve growth factor (NGF), a marker of sympathetic activity, within the organ. In the ovaries for example, segmental low frequency EA for 20 minutes resulted in increased ovarian blood flow and decreased sympathetic activity. Further evidence that low-frequency EA modulates ovarian sympathetic nerve activity comes from studies in experimentally induced ovarian dysfunction.