By Marvin A. Lewis
Spain’s in simple terms former colony in sub-Saharan Africa, Equatorial Guinea is domestic to a literature of transition—songs of freedom within which authors contemplate their id in the context of contemporary colonialism and dictatorship.
An creation to the Literature of Equatorial Guinea is the 1st book-length severe learn of this literature, a multigenre research encompassing fifty years of poetry, drama, essays, and prose fiction. either resident and exiled authors provide insights into the impression of colonialism and dictatorship less than Spanish rule and examine the culmination of “independence” lower than the regimes of Francisco Macías Nguema and Teodoro Obiang Nguema. studying those works from the viewpoint of postcolonial thought, Marvin A. Lewis exhibits how writings from Equatorial Guinea depict the conflict of conventional and eu cultures and mirror a dictatorship that produced poverty, distress, and oppression. He assesses with specific care the influence of the Macías reafricanization approach and its manifestations in literature.
In exhibiting how the perspectives of the kingdom correspond and diverge in works of writers akin to Maria Nsue Angue, Donato Ndongo-Bidyogo, and Juan Tomás Ávila Laurel, Lewis brings to mild artists who articulate their issues in Spanish yet are African of their souls. In reading the works of either well known and rising writers, he marks the subjects that give a contribution to the formation of nationwide id: Hispanic history, the parable of Bantu cohesion, “bonding in adversity” in the course of the Nguema regime, and the Equatoguinean diaspora.
Lewis offers an available creation to the paintings of valuable writers in a brand new zone of literary research and comprises the main exhaustive and up to date bibliography to be had at the topic. His is a groundbreaking paintings that broadens our figuring out of African literature and should be the bedrock for destiny experiences of this Hispanic nook of Africa.
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Spain’s simply former colony in sub-Saharan Africa, Equatorial Guinea is domestic to a literature of transition—songs of freedom during which authors think about their identification in the context of modern colonialism and dictatorship. An creation to the Literature of Equatorial Guinea is the 1st book-length serious research of this literature, a multigenre research encompassing fifty years of poetry, drama, essays, and prose fiction.
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The sensual nature of the relationship is foregrounded in the third stanza by the reference to “your oldest / shellfish” (which carry sexual connotations). ” These sensual references culminate in a final outburst exalting red papayas / breasts. ” “Charadas a lo Bantu” (Charades Bantu style), the sixth section of Voices of Foam, contains poems dedicated to everyday life. “Yuca” and “Malamba” in particular are humanized. The origin and ultimate 010 c1 (14-64) 5/10/07 11:11 AM Page 33 Poetry: In Search of an Authentic Voice / 33 impact upon the people by malamba, an intoxicating beverage common to the region, are given special attention: You immigrated from Cameroon, barefoot, to Guinea, and, now, in Guinea you rule; with the crown on your forehead of a good companion with the talent of awakening the sleeping ingenuity of the cane farmers.
In “Sombras” (Shadows), the next section of Voices of Foam, the poet continues the dialogue with nature and the Universe. “Retratos” (Portraits), a more worldly section, is devoted to the depiction of concrete individuals, primarily “Mi niño” (My child), “Celia,” “Majo” (Handsome) “Teodora,” and “Mi mujer” (My woman). In each instance, persons are cloaked in images associated with their natural environment. “Teodora,” a love poem, is the most provocative of this section: How fresh is the wind! It turns to a breeze in the veins, 010 c1 (14-64) 5/10/07 11:11 AM Page 32 32 / An Introduction to the Literature of Equatorial Guinea when you embraced with your flowers the altar of my chest.
I wish to return to my childhood to play and jump, to sing and laugh, and to cry, perhaps: but in freedom. Yes, I wish to return; I wish to return to my yesterday. Yesterday . . yesterday I was a child today, I am a man, and tomorrow, what will I be? Yes, I wish to return, I wish to return to my innocent freedom. (Quisiera volver a mi ayer, quisiera ser de nuevo niño y con los pies desnudos correr por las pedregosas calles de mi verdad rebolana. Quisiera volver a mi niñéz para jugar y saltar, para cantar y reír, y para llorar, quizás: pero en la libertad.